There have been many prominent visitors in the Institute of Physics during the past years, including Nobel Prize winners A.M.Prokhorov, N.G.Basov, R.L.Mössbauer and K.Siegbahn. The average number of foreign scientists who visit the Institute is about 25-30 per year. They prepare here the joint experiments, give the lectures, write the papers and discuss future plans. The number of visitors from the different institutions, including European science officers and representatives of industry is also about 20-25 per year. Between the Institute and different foreign Universities and Research Institutes there are co-operation agreements. Currently, there are five contracts in operation (in 1995 there were 14). The high qualification and creativeness of scientists in the Institute, their new theories and methods, including the high level research facilities form the potential and attraction, what impressed our visitors during many years and what is attested to in our guest book.
The Institute has a long-term co-operation experience with many research centres in Europe and elsewhere in the world. Including these five centres, with which the Institute has co-operation agreements, there is also effective scientific co-operation with many Universities and Research Centres, presently particularly from Belgium (University of Liège ), Czech Republic (Institute of Physics, Prague), Denmark (NORDITA, Copenhagen), Finland (Departement of Physical Sciences, University of Oulu ; University of Helsinki; Helsinki University of Technology; Research Centre of the Institute of Dermatology, Helsinki), France (DBCM/CEA, URA CNRS, Saclay), Germany (University of Stuttgart, Institute of Theoretical Physics; Kiel University ,Institute of Physical Chemistry ; HASY-Lab, Hamburg ; MBI for Non-Linear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy, Berlin; Institute of Physics, Medical University of Lübeck ; Brandenburg University of Technology, Cottbus; Technical University of Chemnitz, Institute of Physics; University of Bayreuth; University of Ulm, Depertment of Molecular Interactions,MPI für Strömungsforschung, Göttingen ; Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung,Stuttgart ; Institute of Experimental Physics,University of Hamburg ; University of Regensburg ), Greece (University of Athens ), Hungary (Medical University of Semmelweis ), Israel (University of Tel Aviv), Italy (Florence Institute of Electromagnetic Waves Research), Japan (Institute of Molecular Science, Okazaki; Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. ), Kazakhstan (Pedagogical Institute of Aktyubinsk; Almaty State University), Latvia (Nuclear Research Center, Salaspils; Institute of Solid State Physics ), Lithuania (Institute of Physics, Vilnius), Mexico (University of Sonora, Centre of Physics Research, Hermosillo), The Netherlands (The Free University of Amsterdam; Department of Molecular and Laser Physics, University of Nijmegen ), (Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Investigations, Wroclaw), Russia (A.F.Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St.Petersburg; State Optical Institute (GOI), St.Petersburg; Moscow State University (Belozersky Lab) ; Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, Novosibirsk; Institute of General Physics, Moscow ), Sweden (Lund University, MAX-Lab ; D epartment of Physics, University of Uppsala ; Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg), Switzerland (CERN, Geneva; University of Genf; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich ), Ukraine (Institute of Physics, Kiev; Kiev University ), USA (Texas A&M University, College Station; Arizona State University, Tente, Arizona; Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa).
The scientists of the Institute are welcome in a number of leading scientific centres of the world. In recent years number of the extended or short-term foreign visits of our workers has been approximately 100 visits per year, most of them to Sweden, Germany, the United States, Japan, Finland, Italy and the Netherlands. The co-operation with the Lund University has been particularly fruitful, both in respect of research work (more than a hundred of CC papers) and most up-to-date scientific equipment. The scientific potential of the Institute is very high, the language abilities of scientific staff are sufficient. The overwhelming majority of scientists know two foreign languages English and Russian quite well and many of them know also German and/or Finnish. One can find also scientists speaking French, Swedish, Latvian or Lithuanian.